ИДВ РАН  
 
26.04.2019 г.  
The Far Eastern Affairs N5 2016
03.10.2016 00:00

Сontents

Politics

V. Vorobyov. The Possible Routes for Forthcoming Evolution of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization

Ya. Lexiutina. China in the BRICS: First between Equals

Yu. Morozov. China in the Arctic Region: Targets and Risks for Russian-Chinese Relations

View point

V. Balakin. Comprehensive National Power of China: Dialectics of New Statehood Building

Economy

B. Kheyfets. The Silk Road Economic Belt — New Model of Attractive Economic Partnership for the EAEU

A. Afonasieva. Overseas Chinese’s Role in the Development of the Central Line of Silk Road Economic Belt

I. Vakhrushin. The Debt Problem in China's Economy: Approaches to Assessment, Scenarios, Solutions

V. Chuvankova. Private and Individual Entrepreneurship — Key Factor in the Economic Development of China

Z. Muromtseva. State-Owned Enterprises of China in 2011–2020: Features and Prospects of Reforming

Zh. Petrunina. China Strengthens Position in Persian Gulf’ Oil and Gas Basin

Yu. Shiganova. Development of the Pearl River Delta Region: Trends, Problems and Prospects

Environment

E. Kranina. Speeding-Up the Creation of “Ecologically Friendly Civilization” in China

N. Prokhorova. On the Formation of the Water Market in China

History

N. Mamaeva. Russia and the First Period of “Movement for a New Culture” in China

A. Polutov. Intelligence Cooperation of Japan and Poland against the USSR (1919–1945)

Culture

O. Zavyalova. Languages of China: Latest Surveys and Discoveries

А. Semyonov. The Chinese President’s New Year Speeches in the Light of Discourse Approach (Sociolinguistic Notes)

Scientific Events

The IV All-Russia Scientific Conference “Historical Events in the Life of China and Modernity”

Book Review

A. Davydov. Titarenko M.L., Petrovsky V.E. Russia, China and New World Order. Theory and Practice.

V. Kistanov. Streltsov D.V. Priorities of Japan’s Foreign Police in Asia-Pacific Region.

T. Vinogradova. Seijas Tatiana. Asian slaves in colonial Mexico. From Chinos to Indians.Scholar Jubilee

Scholar jubilee

Jubilee of Ludmila Dmitrievna Boni

Jubilee of Kim En Un

Hero of the day

Jubilee of Andrei Sergeevich Davydov

Contents

Summary

Summary

V. Vorobyov. The Possible Routes for Forthcoming Evolution of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization

The article discusses the results of 15 years of activity of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), features of its structure, the relationship between the parties. The role of the SCO in the region and problems of partnership are analyzed. The article also forecasts the development of the SCO in the conditions of the emerging new world order.

Keywords: Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO),Tashkent Declaration of SCO fifteen years, multi-polar world, international cooperation, China, Russia, United States.

Ya. Lexiutina. China in the BRICS: First between Equals

The article puts forward arguments for the assertion that China, which differs a lot from other BRICS countries owing to its economy great size and its deep economic engagement with the world, is a major beneficiary from BRICS’ efforts aimed at changing the current international monetary and financial system.

Keywords: BRICS, China, international monetary and financial system, financial institutions, yuan’s internationalization, economic power.

Yu. Morozov. China in the Arctic Region: Targets and Risks for Russian-Chinese Relations

The growth of Arctic region’s value for national interests of China in the XXI century and the risks connected with it for the Russian-Chinese relations are considered. Key moments, concerning aims and strategy of the Peoples Republic of China in this region, are stressed. Possible steps of Russia for strengthening its positions in Arctic region with the help of China are also offered.

Keywords: Arctic region, sub-arctic states, China, Russia, Russian-Chinese relations, Northern sea way, economic zone, militarization.

V. Balakin. Comprehensive National Power of China: Dialectics of New State-hood Building

The rise of comprehensive national power of the People’s Republic of China naturally is aimed to achieve for China a status of “super power”, which could define new world order without looking over other contemporary “centers of power”. Dialectics of building new Chinese statehood in XXI century in reality presents itself as ideological foundation for enhancing national power which would be able to become a base of country’s development. Chinese statehood, despite the long periods of revolutionary shocks, demonstrates extraordinary steadiness and continuous movement in direction of accelerating the growth of comprehensive national power.

Keywords: China, comprehensive national power, statehood, world order.

B. Kheyfets. The Silk Road Economic Belt — New Model of Attractive Economic Partnership for the EAEU

The paper shows a tendency to trans-regionalization of the global economy, which is associated with the formation of new economic mega-partnerships. The conclusion is made about the greatest attraction for the EAEU of the partnership in the framework of the Silk Road Economic Belt. This partnership allows to choose the most convenient format for interaction and to smooth the existing problems in connection with the different levels of competitiveness of the EAEU and China. Possible directions and forms of coupling the EAEU and the Silk Road Economic Belt are discussed.

Keywords: trans-regionalization, economic mega-partnerships, global economic space, EAEU, Silk Road Economic Belt.

A. Afonasieva. Overseas Chinese’s Role in the Development of the Central Line of Silk Road Economic Belt

The article is devoted to the study of overseas Chinese economic activity along the central line of Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) in China and outside. It examines the territorial structure of overseas Chinese investment flows and industry structure of overseas Chinese enterprises in Yangtze River Delta Region and in Western regions of China. The paper analyses industry structure of Chinese enterprises in the Central Asia, Middle East, Balkan Peninsula, and Western Europe. In the conclusion the author estimates the influence of overseas Chinese business, as well as China’s state-owned corporations, on the development of SREB’s central line.

Keywords: overseas Chinese (huaqiao), Chinese migrants, Silk Road Economic Belt, China, Central Asia, Middle East, Balkan Peninsula, Western Europe.

I. Vakhrushin. The Debt Problem in China's Economy: Approaches to Assess-ment, Scenarios, Solutions

The article deals with various aspects of the debt problem in China’s economy. The approaches to the assessment of the total debt in terms of its structural components, absolute and relative figures are analyzed. The possible scenarios of China’s economic performance considering the increasing debt burden factor are reviewed. Special attention is paid to the problem of local governments’ debt and a complex of measures aimed at solving it.

Keywords: China's government debt, local governments’ debt, local government financing vehicles (LGFV), total social financing (TSF), wealth management products (WMP), non-performing loans.

V. Chuvankova. Private and Individual Entrepreneurship — Key Factor in the Economic Development of China

The article discusses the role of private and individual entrepreneurship in the implementation of the 12th five-year plan (2011–2015) of China’s socio-economic development. During this period, consistent promotion of mass entrepreneurship and innovation has become a new trend in achieving balanced and sustainable development. Private capital was actively involved into accelerating the modernization of country and development of its innovative potential, thus helping to expand the scope of employment, income growth, supply of public services.

Keywords: China, private and individual enterprises, the modernization of the country, innovative capacity, CNPC’ session.

Z. Muromtseva. State-Owned Enterprises of China in 2011–2020: Features and Prospects of Reforming

Current stage of state-owned enterprises’ reform is described. Development and cooperation of enterprises belonging to various forms of ownership, and public-private partnership are analyzed. Special attention is devoted to the establishment of multi-channel and multi-tier investment mechanisms. Factors of uncertainty and risk are studied.

Keywords: reform of state enterprises, mixed ownership, state assets, investment diversification

Zh. Petrunina. China Strengthens Position in Persian Gulf’ Oil and Gas Basin

The Chinese economy in the past three decades grew in parallel with the rapid rise of hydrocarbons consumption. It is natural that China is interested in consolidating its positions in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa, focusing on the energy sector. This is manifested in large-scale investments. According to the author, the long-term energy cooperation is in interests of both China and oil and gas producing countries, which are making active efforts to strengthen its position on markets of the PRC and of the Asia-Pacific region.

Keywords: China, the Persian Gulf, energy security, the oil and gas factor.

Yu. Shiganova. Development of the Pearl River Delta Region: Trends, Problems and Prospects

The Pearl River Delta economic zone was established in 1980s, when the economic reforms started in China. It was one of the first regions of the country open to the outside world. During 30 years Delta became a center of a high technology manufacturing, with a highly developed service sector and a high per capita GDP. It helped the agrarian backward country to integrate into the world economy. The article analyzes tendencies, problems and prospects of the development of the Delta region, which still has a “strategic” status in China’ history and economy.

Keywords: China, Guangdong, Pearl River Delta, export-oriented economy, optimization of the economic structure, problems of the development.

E. Kranina. Speeding-Up the Creation of “Ecologically Friendly Civilization” in China

The 13th five-year plan of China (2016–2020) is aimed at stimulation of innovative development with concomitant reduction in the rate of economic growth. By 2020 it is planned to enter the era of “xiaokang” — building a moderately prosperous society. China faces the task to harmonize the economy in regional and branch aspects. Good ecological indexes of production become an important factor of the country’s competitiveness. Article discovers the PRC leaders’ methods of solving these problems.

Keywords: environmental factors, sustainable development, “green revolution”, One Belt, One Road.

N. Prokhorova. On the Formation of the Water Market in China

The features of the formation of the water market in China in the context of envi-ronmental regulation are discussed. The strategy to control the volume and quality of water in water bodies with the help of the water market is analyzed. The author considers water management and ecological construction in China as an incentive for the development of the water market.

Keywords: water market; water resources, water rights, the right to discharge, hydrographic network.

N. Mamaeva. Russia and the First Period of “Movement for a New Culture” in China

The article discusses Russia’s ideological and cultural influence on “Movement for a new culture” in China, which is insufficiently studied in Russian and foreign historiography. Against the background of historical events in China and Russia, channels of interaction between two countries and the first signs of Russian influence on China in the ideological and cultural sphere are identified.

Keywords: Chen Duxiu, Li Dazhao, Yan Fu, the February Revolution of 1917, “Movement for a new culture”, “New Youth”.

A. Polutov. Intelligence Cooperation of Japan and Poland against the USSR (1919–1945)

The article, which is based on documents from the archives of Japan, and Japanese and Polish historians’ studies, considers the cooperation between Japan and the Republic of Poland in military intelligence and cipher services in 1919–1945. This cooperation was directed against the Soviet Union.

Keywords: Japan, Republic of Poland, the Soviet Union, the military intelligence service, cipher, General Staff, radio reconnaissance.

O. Zavyalova. Languages of China: Latest Surveys and Discoveries

In the globalizing world with its modern information technologies, China linguistically is still an extremely diverse country. Its national minority policy is implemented with the participation of several generations of linguists belonging to different scientific schools. Recent large-scale field surveys of dozens of languages, with the newly discovered and endangered ones among them, is an important part of the all-China programs aimed at the preservation of the country’s intangible cultural heritage. After Xi Jinping’s “One Belt, One Road” strategy was proposed in 2013, the studies of the Chinese linguists are focused in particular on the cross-border languages of the national minorities of the country.

Keywords: China’s language policy, Chinese linguistics, languages of China, intangible cultural heritage, cross-border languages.

А. Semyonov. The Chinese President’s New Year Speeches in the Light of Dis-course Approach (Sociolinguistic Notes)

The article analyzes the Chinese President’s New Year speeches in accordance with a discourse approach. We examine the social context of New Year addresses, their specific type, kind and genre. Relevant constitutive features of the Chinese leadership discourse were identified. An attempt was made to emphasize the national specific characteristics of New Year Speech and show the peculiarities of the communicative implementation of the Chinese leaders’ political goals.

Keywords: The Chairman of the People’s Republic of China, New Year Speech, discourse, communication.

 
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