The Far Eastern Affairs N6 2014 Печать
24.11.2014 23:56

Contents & Summary N6 2014

Contents

Documents

Dushanbe Declaration of the State Leaders of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Member-states

Politics

E. Kobelev. Twenty Years of Partnership between Russia and ACEAN

D. Streltsov. Historical Events as Factor of Japan’s Relations with Neighboring Countries: Roots and Evolution

A. Batakova. Problems of Historical Past in Contemporary Relations of Japan with China and Republic of Korea

I. Gordeeva. Japan’s Policy towards Taiwan: Current Trends and Problems

Liu Bo. Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and Counter-Measures of China

Russian Far East

V. Shvedov, A. Golub Preliminary Remarks on the Image of Region Taking Russian Far East as an Example

Economy

D. Kruchinina. Transport Infrastructure in Yangtze River Delta

V. Balakin. East-Asian Integration as an Objective Process of Inter-Civilizational Rivalry

O. Borokh. Gu Yiqun and Economic Liberalism in China in the 1930s

History

A. Ipatova. Ambassadorial Etiquette of Traditional Chinese Diplomacy. Audience at the Imperial Palace

A. Yurkevitch. To 90th Anniversary of Gomindang Party Military School

S. Kuzmin. The Activity of the IX Panchen Lama in Inner Mongolia and Manchuria

Religion

Liang Zhe. Orthodoxy of Chinese-Russian Metises in Three-Rivers Region (PRC): Summary of Research by Chinese Ethnologists

Culture

V. Vinogrodskaya. Actuality of Antiquity — Traditional Text in Modern China

E. Mitkina. Cycle Poetry in Chinese Literature

Scientific Events

O. Borokh, A. Lomanov. EACS 20th Conference in Portugal

L. Smirnova. Conference in Beijing “New European Research on Contemporary China”

Scholar Jubilee

Jubilee of Irina Timofeevna Moroz

Jubilee of Liudmila Alexandrovna Volkova

Jubilee of Valentina Vasilievna Chuvankova

Contents

Summary

Far Eastern Affairs Contents for 2014

Summary

E. Kobelev. Twenty Years of Partnership between Russia and ASEAN

The author analyses different aspects of the partnership between Russia and the ASEAN — powerful regional group — over the past 20 years. The author has shown the ASEAN leading role in building the foundations of peace and security in the South-Еаst Asia and in the Asian-Pacific region in general as well as the strategic, political and economic importance for Russia of the strengthening of partnership with this organization in all possible directions.

Key words: Russia, ASEAN, Vietnam, South-Еаst Asia, dialogue partnership, «Russia-ASEAN» summits, Business Council.

D. Streltsov. Historical Events as Factor of Japan’s Relations with Neighboring Countries: Roots and Evolution

This article discusses the role and place of some aspects of the historical past in Japan's relations with the neighboring countries, including the issue of formal apologies, the problem of "comfort women", as well as visits by the Japanese officials to the Yasukuni Shrine. The article argues that diplomatic, economic, cultural and other contacts with China, Japan and the Republic of Korea face great difficulties because of lack of progress in settling these problems. Detailed analysis addresses the causes of the present complicated situation, including those connected with the differences in the approach of Japan and its East Asian neighbours towards the historical heritage of the Second World War, and the phenomenon of "time lag” in raising these issues in the international political agenda.

Key words: The problems of the historical past, the complex of victimacy, "comfort women", official apologies, visits to the Yasukuni Shrine, the Murayama statement, the slogan of “ending the post-war regime”.

A. Batakova. Problems of Historical Past in Contemporary Relations of Japan with China and Republic of Korea

The problems of the historical past, continuously darkening the relations of Japan with its East Asiaт neighbors, have become an independent factor of international relations rendering its impact far beyond the bilateral ties of Japan with South Korea and China. Seoul and Beijing administrations took a tough position on these issues and strive for their internationalization, criticizing the course of Abe cabinet during high level meetings, presentations at international venues, interviews to foreign media etc. Noteworthy is the increasing coordination between the PRC and the Republic of Korea in their countering to Tokyo, as well as the manifestation of discontent to Japan on the part of the United States. Further aggravation of the situation may require the correction of Tokyo’s position on history problems.

Key words: Japan-Chinese relations, Japan-South Korean relations, problem of the historical past.

I. Gordeeva. Japan’s Policy towards Taiwan: Current Trends and Problems

The article focuses on complex issues concerning the policy of Japan towards Taiwan, closely connected with the relations between Japan and China. The problem is set in the context of intensifying confrontation in the Asia-Pacific Region between USA and Japan on one side and China on the other, when the reunification of Taiwan with the PRC would greatly strengthen China and thus is unacceptable to Washington and Tokyo. The situation is becoming even graver due to the escalation of the territorial dispute over Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands, which is directly linked to the problem of Taiwan.

Key words: Japan, China, USA, Taiwan, Senkaku/Diaoyu Islands, confrontation, uncompro­mising approach.

Liu Bo. Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and Counter-measures of China

International agreements represent an important mechanism for promote communication and cooperation of national economies and for their rise. Accordingly, the Agreement on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TTP) promises the expansion of trade exchange, enhancing bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. But due to the duplication of membership in various international agreements APR countries fall into the difficult situation of competition and mutual restraint. Facing the pressure and challenges from TTP, China must determine its own economic and political strategy, expanding the space for trade exchange and increasing its leadership role in the region.

Key words: Agreement Trans-Pacific Partnership (TTP); development strategy, a new order in the Asia-Pacific region, China's counter-measures.

V. Shvedov, A. Golub. Preliminary Remarks on the Image of Region Taking Russian Far East as an Example

This article deals with an internal image of Russian Far East and preliminary methods of its evaluation. The questionnaire for this proposes was made. Its results are set forth and substantiated. Analysis of most meaningful blocks of survey is presented. The respondent’s vision of their living territory are summarized.

Key words: Internal image, region, Far East, questionnaire, meaningful blocks, results, respondents.

D. Kruchinina. Transport Infrastructure in Yangtze River Delta

Availability of advanced transportation system is an essential condition for extending integration in the Yangtze River delta region that turns out to be one of the main drivers of Chinese economy. Yangtze Golden Triangle boasts the most developed transport system among all regions of China. This article describes motor, railway, water and airline infrastructure, as well as touches upon the subject of importance of above mentioned modes of transport for the Yangtze River delta region.

Key words: China, the Yangtze river delta region, Golden Triangle of the Yangtze, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, regional integration, regional transportation system, facilities of the transport infrastructure.

V. Balakin. East-Asian Integration as an Objective Process of Inter-Civilizational Rivalry

Many overseas researchers see East Asia integration like regular result of China’s economic and political growth. Active process of East Asian consolidation during 1998–2008 years' crisis period gave a Stimulus toward wide discussion on the theme of “stable leadership”. Seeing USA influence weakening in East Asia region, China is striving for “regional leadership”, first of all making accent on so called “soft power”. Under the pressure of objective circumstances is Chinese leadership renounced to refuse the rather long time confessed principle of “Keeping a low profile” and is moving to political course of enlarging comprehensive national power in order to prepare the country for above stated functions of regional leader. It has been recognized, that a dilemma of choice between China and USA has today developed practically for all East Asia states into rather complicated problem, the decision on which, most probably, will be stretched during many years, though it must be acknowledged that Beijing is much more perspective to organize East Asia under its own project.

Key words: China, USA, East Asia integration, comprehensive national power, “soft power”.

O. Borokh. Gu Yiqun and Economic Liberalism in China in the 1930s

Key ideas of Chinese economic liberalism of the mid-1930s are explored through the publications of Gu Yiqun. His theoretical arguments in favor of free economy and criticism of Soviet model and controlled economy are analyzed. From the viewpoint of classical economic science Gu Yiqun recommended to build the Chinese economy upon the principles of free competition, broader participation in international trade, rejection of protectionism, currency stabilization and curtailing the monopoly power.

Key words: Republican China, economic science, free economy, international trade, industrialization.

A. Ipatova. Ambassadorial Etiquette of Traditional Chinese Diplomacy. Audience at the Imperial Palace

The complex diplomatic etiquette is one of the most important components of the traditional Chinese tributary system, aimed at affirmation of its superiority over all other nations. It was assigned to serve a clear and convincing demonstration of undisputed power and authority. Nevertheless, a firm and consistent position of S.L. Vladislavich allowed him to thoroughly shake the foundations of the centuries-old ceremonies, including its core part — an audience with the emperor.

Key words: Russia, S.L. Vladislavich-Raguzinsky, The Treaty of Kyakhta 1728, Qing China, tributary system, the Court etiquette, the audience at the Imperial Palace, the bow "koutou".

A.Yurkevitch. To 90th Anniversary of Guomindang Party Military School

The article contains the feature of history of Huangpu (Wampoa) Military School, which was founded in 1924 with the USSR support and the Chinese communists participation. The author shows the significance of Huangpu image for the Guomindang and the CCP “symbolical policy”, the role of the school not only in formation of the Guomindang army and in training its military cadres, but also as the base of some institutions of the major importance for the Guomindang power, such as bodies of political indoctrination and propaganda, special services, public organizations.

Key words: the Guomindang, the Chinese Communist Party, Huangpu (Wampoa) Military School, the USSR assistance to the Guomindang, Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek)

S. Kuzmin. The Activity of the IX Panchen Lama in Inner Mongolia and Manchuria

Poorly known data on activity of the IX Panchen Lama (1883–1937) after his flight from Tibet are discussed mainly by material from archives of Russia and Mongolia, with special concern of his contacts with Inner Mongolia, Mongolian People’s Republic, Manchuria, Japan and the Government of China.

Key words: Panchen Lama, flight from Tibet, Inner Mongolia.

Liang Zhe. Orthodoxy of Chinese-Russian Metises in Three-Rivers Region (PRC): Summary of Research by Chinese Ethnologists

The article is devoted to writing the Orthodox characteristics of Chinese-Russian metises in Three-Rivers region (Hulunbuir, a city of Inner Mongolia in PRC), of the mixed ethnic group. One of the regions of its formation was Northern Manchuria, which is an area of active Chinese-Russian contacts. Special attention is given to the research findings of Chinese ethnologists.

Key words: Orthodoxy, Chinese-Russian metises, Three-Rivers region.

V. Vinogrodskaya. Actuality of Antiquity — Traditional Text in Modern China

The main purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the volume and spectrum of Chinese cultural heritage in the form of written text manifested in 1) the environment, 2) education, 3) book publications (traditional and digital), 4) television, and 5) non-official internet. A considerable presence of ancient Chinese texts in modern culture is supported by physical availability, availability through discourse and education, and via the current “National Studies Craze” (Guoxue re). It's shown that the past is still very much part of life in the present in China. There is a substantial body of text in current communication, and a solid, well-defined core is in constant active use.

Key words: «guoxue re», Baijia jiangtan, Qian Wenzhong, cultural heritage, written text, education, Si ku quan shu.

E. Mitkina. Cycle Poetry in Chinese Literature

For a long time there was no such term as “cycle poetry” (zu shi) in Chinese philology. This form of poetry had different names during different times. Cycle poems as a special form of poetry spread before Qin dynasty and became very popular during Tang and flourished during Song, Ming and Qing. Despite the fact that for such a long time poetic cycles were widespread, there weren’t many researches on them. Currently, articles and books devoted to the lyrical cycles began to appear. This article deals with different periods in evolution of the cycle poems when new trends were created and the form of cycles was changed.

Key words: Chinese literature, poetry, cycle poetry